The Lowdown On Dairy Alternatives: Soy, Rice, Almond, Oat & Coconut Milk
Posted Oct. 27, 2013, 9:11 am
Dr. Mao Shing Ni / Mirror Columnist
While some people can’t imagine their morning bowl of cereal without soaking it in milk, others forego milk and dairy completely. Whether you are allergic, intolerant, or simply choose to go without dairy for other health concerns, you still have plenty of delicious and nutritious alternatives available. Here is some more information to guide you on your dairy-free journey.
Is Dairy-Free Better?
You may have heard that eliminating dairy foods from your diet can potentially improve your health and alleviate certain issues such as digestive woes, acne, and even the inability to lose those extra pounds.
Perhaps you are a vegan or simply want to avoid the hormones and antibiotics that are often administered to cattle.
While dairy foods contain important nutrients such as calcium, phosphorous, protein, and vitamin D, you can obtain these nutrients elsewhere. However, instead of popping vitamins, it always best to obtain these nutrients from whole foods (which are more bioavailable) due to enzymes that maximize our body’s absorption of the nutrients.
Dairy foods are complete proteins, meaning that they contain all of the essential amino acids needed by the body. So what foods should you reach for to get this nutrient profile?
Calcium Rich Foods
We are accustomed to hearing that the best sources of calcium are dairy foods like cheese, yogurt, and milk. But can you meet your RDA for calcium without getting a milk mustache? Yes you can!
Dark leafy greens like kale are one of the best sources of calcium. Just one cup of this super food contains over 400 mg of calcium compared to 300 mg in a cup of milk.
In addition, the calcium from dark, leafy greens has a better absorption rate than milk. Other plant-based sources include collard greens, with a whopping 210 mg of calcium in just half a cup! Bok choy, turnip greens, broccoli, chia seeds, spinach, figs, white beans, sesame seeds, and almonds all contain this bone-strengthening nutrient!
Tasty Tidbit: Tahini, a Mediterranean sesame paste, is packed with calcium, protein, and heart-healthy fats. Drizzle it over salads for a unique kick of flavor! You can also choose to sprinkle sesame seeds over your favorite foods or add them into your green smoothies.
What if you crave a cold glass of milk or the buttery taste of cream cheese? While your local grocery store is stocked with multiple substitutes, they don’t necessarily contain the same nutritional profile as dairy foods. In addition, a majority of these dairy-free alternatives contain additives that may do more harm than good.
Many dairy-free milks are flavored and contain added sugars. Look for the unsweetened versions. The only way to know what you put into your body is to read the labels and ingredients. Let’s compare the options.
1. Soy Milk: This product is a liquid extract of soybeans and is readily available in today’s supermarkets. With about 6g of protein per cup, it also fortified with calcium, vitamins A, D, B12, and riboflavin. Soy milk is also a good source of magnesium and manganese.
2. Rice Milk: With a sweeter taste than cow’s milk, rice milk is made from boiled rice, brown rice syrup, and brown rice starch. If you are looking to get a protein fix, this may not be your best bet. One cup of rice milk contains only one gram of protein, very little calcium, and more carbohydrates. While one cup of cow’s milk contains 12 g carbohydrates, rice milk contains 24 g carbohydrates.
3. Almond Milk: Gaining popularity as a health food item, almond milk is made from ground almonds, water, and a small amount of sweetener. While it may be a tasty option, it contains very little protein compared to cow’s milk, but it is fortified with calcium and vitamin D. An added benefit is that almond milk contains one-third of the calories of two percent cow’s milk, and significantly less sugar, as long as you choose the unsweetened version.
4. Oat Milk: Oat grains, water, and other grains are used to make oat milk, which is high in fiber, vitamin E, folic acid, and iron. It has a slightly sweet flavor and is low in calories.
5. Hemp Milk: For a greater protein boost, you might choose hemp milk, made from hemp seeds, water, and a sweetener. Hemp seeds are naturally rich in omega-three fatty acids, but hemp milk lacks calcium. However, hemp milk is an excellent alternative to those with gluten, nut, and soy allergies.
6. Coconut Milk: Coconut milk contains fiber and iron, but is higher in fat and calories than cow’s milk. The saturated fatty acids in coconut milk are generally more beneficial than the saturated fat found in cow’s milk.
Tasty Tip: Almond and coconut milks are best for baking, due to their nutty flavors that blend well with baking sweets. Rice milk, however, doesn’t hold up well in baking because of its watery texture.
May you live long, live strong, and live happy!
Dr. Mao Shing Ni, best known as Dr. Mao is a bestselling author, doctor of Oriental Medicine, and board certified anti-aging expert. He has recently appeared on “The Ricki Lake Show,” “Dr. Oz,” and contributes to Yahoo Health and The Huffington Post. Dr. Mao practices acupuncture, nutrition, and Chinese medicine with his associates at the Tao of Wellness in Santa Monica, Newport Beach, and Pasadena. Dr. Mao and his brother, Dr. Daoshing Ni, founded the Tao of Wellness more than 25 years ago in addition to founding Yo San University in Marina del Rey. To make an appointment for evaluation and treatment call 310.917.2200 or you can email Dr. Mao at email@example.com. To subscribe to his tip-filled newsletter, visit www.taoofwellness.com.